What Day was 26 January 1950?
The Day India Became a Republic
26 January 1950 is a very significant day in Indian history – it marked the day when India became a republic. On this day, India’s Constitution came into effect, replacing the Government of India Act of 1935 as the governing document of India.
The Significance of the Date
26 January was chosen as the date for India to become a republic for a few reasons. Firstly, it was the anniversary of India’s first Independence Day, when India declared itself independent from Great Britain in 1930 (before the British government passed the India Independence Act in 1947). Secondly, it was the day when a new Constitution was ceremonially signed by the members of the Constituent Assembly of India in 1950. This Constitution gave India a democratic form of government, with a President as the Head of State and a Prime Minister as the Head of Government.
To mark this momentous occasion, the first Republic Day parade was held in Delhi on 26 January 1950, with Dr. Rajendra Prasad taking the oath of office as India’s first President. From that day onwards, the Republic Day parade has been an annual event, with the President of India taking the salute in the presence of the Prime Minister, members of the Cabinet and other dignitaries.
The Legacy of 26 January 1950
The adoption of the Constitution on 26 January 1950 marked the beginning of a new era for India – a time of democracy, freedom and self-rule. It is a reminder of the sacrifices made by India’s freedom fighters, who fought for independence and for a free and democratic nation. The legacy of the Constitution is still visible today, as it continues to guide India’s laws and principles. On the 73rd anniversary of India’s Republic Day, we celebrate the spirit of democracy and freedom that was enshrined in our Constitution on 26 January 1950.