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What is a Neutralization Reaction and Two Examples
What is a Neutralization Reaction?
Neutralization reactions are a type of chemical reaction where two substances interact and create a single product. It is a type of double-replacement reaction, which is a reaction between two compounds where the cations (positively charged ions) and anions (negatively charged ions) exchange partners. The product formed is usually a salt and water, but other products may also be formed.
Neutralization reactions occur when an acid and a base are mixed together, resulting in the formation of a salt and water. The acid and base neutralize each other, meaning that the pH of the solution will be close to 7 (neutral) afterwards. In some cases, the reaction may be exothermic, meaning that energy is released in the form of heat.
Examples of Neutralization Reaction
The following are two examples of neutralization reactions:
Example 1: Hydrochloric Acid + Sodium Hydroxide
When hydrochloric acid (HCl) is mixed with sodium hydroxide (NaOH), a neutralization reaction occurs. The product of this reaction is sodium chloride (NaCl) and water (H2O).
Example 2: Nitric Acid + Potassium Hydroxide
When nitric acid (HNO3) is mixed with potassium hydroxide (KOH), a neutralization reaction occurs. The product of this reaction is potassium nitrate (KNO3) and water (H2O).
Neutralization reactions are a type of chemical reaction that occur when an acid and a base are mixed together. The product of the reaction is usually a salt and water, but other products may also be formed. The two examples given here are hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide, and nitric acid and potassium hydroxide.