What Is A Neutralization Reaction And Two Examples

What Is A Neutralization Reaction And Two Examples
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What is a Neutralization Reaction and Two Examples

What is a Neutralization Reaction?

Neutralization reactions are a type of chemical reaction where two substances interact and create a single product. It is a type of double-replacement reaction, which is a reaction between two compounds where the cations (positively charged ions) and anions (negatively charged ions) exchange partners. The product formed is usually a salt and water, but other products may also be formed.

Neutralization reactions occur when an acid and a base are mixed together, resulting in the formation of a salt and water. The acid and base neutralize each other, meaning that the pH of the solution will be close to 7 (neutral) afterwards. In some cases, the reaction may be exothermic, meaning that energy is released in the form of heat.

Examples of Neutralization Reaction

The following are two examples of neutralization reactions:

Example 1: Hydrochloric Acid + Sodium Hydroxide

When hydrochloric acid (HCl) is mixed with sodium hydroxide (NaOH), a neutralization reaction occurs. The product of this reaction is sodium chloride (NaCl) and water (H2O).

Example 2: Nitric Acid + Potassium Hydroxide

When nitric acid (HNO3) is mixed with potassium hydroxide (KOH), a neutralization reaction occurs. The product of this reaction is potassium nitrate (KNO3) and water (H2O).

Conclusion

Neutralization reactions are a type of chemical reaction that occur when an acid and a base are mixed together. The product of the reaction is usually a salt and water, but other products may also be formed. The two examples given here are hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide, and nitric acid and potassium hydroxide.

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